Saint Joseph, byname St. Joe , city, chair (1846) of Buchanan state, northwestern Missouri, U.S. It is on the Missouri River (there bridged to Elwood, Kansas), 28 miles (45 kilometres) north of Kansas City. A trading post was established (1826) on the website by Joseph Robidoux, a French Canadian trapper from St. Louis. The Platte Purchase (1836), adding about 2,000,000 acres (800,000 hectares) of Indian land to their state territory, resulted in an influx of settlers. Robidoux laid out the city in 1843 and known as it for his patron saint. During the California Gold Hurry (1849), St. Joseph boomed as a steamboat basic and offer depot for westward-bound wagon trains. The traditional western terminus of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad (completed 1859), it became the eastern terminus of the Pony Exhibit, launched from St. Joseph on Apr 3, 1860. Through the American Civil War the location became a spot for guerrilla operations and was frequented by border outlaws such as W.C. Quantrill and Jesse James; the second option was killed (1882) in his home there (which includes been conserved).
Inside the 1840s metropolis was well coming to becoming an important meatpacking centre but was eclipsed by Omaha, Nebraska, and Kansas City when transcontinental railroads bypassed it. It has survived as one of the great livestock and grain marketplaces of the central western and is also the trade centre of comprehensive agricultural region. Producers are diversified you need to include structural material, chemicals, soybean products, pet foods, university and office supplies, machinery, and power packs. Travel and leisure is of growing importance.
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"Lover's Street, Saint Jo," by Eugene Field, expresses the poet's nostalgic remembrance of the St. Joseph block where he courted his better half. Patee House, a national historic landmark, includes the reconstructed headquarters of the Pony Exhibit office. The Pony Express Museum is housed in the initial steady that was the starting point for the trips west to Sacramento, Calif., and the St. Joseph Museum homes a notable collection of Native North american artifacts. Pigeon Hill Wildlife Area and Lewis and Clark Talk about Park are close by. The town is the seats of Missouri American State School (founded 1915 as St. Joseph Junior University). Inc. 1843. Pop. (2000) 73,990; St. Joseph Metro Area, 122,336; (2010) 76,780; St. Joseph Metro Area, 127,329.
City (1990 pop. 71,852), seating of Buchanan co., NW Mo., on the Missouri River; inc. 1845. It is the trade center of your rich agricultural and farming area. The city is a huge market for here livestock and grain, and has meatpacking and food- and leather-processing plants. Among its companies are electrical power products, equipment, chemicals, clothing, and pet food. The town was laid out c.1843 on the webpage of a trading post founded (1826) by Joseph Robidoux. In 1860, St. Joseph became the eastern terminus of the pony exhibit. The town was also an early on, important railroad center until bypassed by the transcontinental railroad. Of interest are the pony-express stables (now a museum), the poet Eugene Field's home, and the town museum with noted Native North american relics. Missouri American State College will there be.